Public Data Products

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SPRUCE Whole Ecosystem Warming (WEW) Peat Water Content and Temperature Profiles for Experimental Plot Cores Beginning June 2016

This data set provides the peat water content and peat temperature at time of sampling for peat cores collected before and during the SPRUCE Whole Ecosystem Warming (WEW) study.

Cores for the current data set were collected during the following bulk peat sampling events: 13 June 2016 and 23 August 2016. Over time, this dataset will be updated with each new major bulk peat sampling event, and dates/methods will be updated accordingly.

Citation: 

Gutknecht, J., Kluber, L. A., Hanson, P.J., Schadt, C.W. 2017. SPRUCE Whole Ecosystem Warming (WEW) Peat Water Content and Temperature Profiles for Experimental Plot Cores Beginning June 2016. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.041

SPRUCE S1 Bog Pretreatment Fungal Hyphae Carbon and Nitrogen Concentrations and Stable Isotope Composition from In-growth Cores, 2013-2014

This data set reports fungal hyphal carbon and nitrogen concentrations and δ13C, and δ15N data for samples obtained from in-growth cores in the S1 Bog. Hyphae were collected using 40 μm in-growth bags (10 cm × 10 cm) filled with sterile sand. Bags were incubated in the field in paired hummock and hollows at six locations in the bog. In hummocks, bags were inserted at +10 to 0 cm above the adjacent hollow and in both locations from 0 to -10 cm and -10 to -20 cm below the hollow surface.

Citation: 

Hofmockel, K.S., Chen, J. and Hobbie, E.A. 2016. SPRUCE S1 Bog Pretreatment Fungal Hyphae Carbon and Nitrogen Concentrations and Stable Isotope Composition from In-growth Cores, 2013-2014. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.025

SPRUCE Pretreatment Plant Tissue Analyses, 2009 through 2013

This data set reports the results of elemental analyses of foliar and stem/woody twig plant tissues collected at the SPRUCE site in 2009, 2012, and 2013. Samples were obtained at various locations around the S1 Bog and from within the developing experimental treatment plots. These are pretreatment vegetation samples, collected prior to initiation of the SPRUCE experiment heating and elevated CO2 treatments.

Citation: 

Phillips, J.R., D.J. Brice, P.J. Hanson, J. Childs, C.M. Iversen, R.J. Norby, and J.M. Warren. 2017. SPRUCE Pretreatment Plant Tissue Analyses, 2009 through 2013. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.038

SPRUCE Plant-Available Nutrients Assessed with Ion-Exchange Resins in Experimental Plots, Beginning in 2013

This data set consists of observations of plant-available nutrients assessed using ion-exchange resin capsules incubated serially in aerobic and anaerobic peat layers beginning in 2013 in the SPRUCE experimental plots at four depths in hummock microtopography and two depths in hollow microtopography. Data will be periodically added to until the conclusion of the SPRUCE experiment.

Citation: 

Iversen CM, Latimer J, Burnham A, Brice DJ, Childs J, Vander Stel HM. 2017. SPRUCE Plant-Available Nutrients Assessed with Ion-Exchange Resins in Experimental Plots, Beginning in 2013. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.036.

SPRUCE S1 Bog Plant-Available Nutrients Assessed with Ion-Exchange Resins from 2011-2012 in the Southern End of the S1 Bog

This data set consists of observations of plant-available nutrients assessed using ion-exchange resin capsules incubated serially in aerobic and anaerobic peat layers beginning in 2011. Data were collected from 2011 to 2012 (prior to the construction of the SPRUCE experimental plots) at the southern end of the S1 Bog at three depths in hollow microtopography only.

Citation: 

Iversen CM, Ontl TA, Brice DJ, Childs J. 2017. SPRUCE S1 Bog Plant-Available Nutrients Assessed with Ion-Exchange Resins from 2011-2012 in the Southern End of the S1 Bog. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.022.

 

SPRUCE S1 Bog Tree Basal Area and Understory Community Composition Assessed in the Southern and Northern Ends of the S1 Bog

The composition and cover of woody and understory species, along with the timing of stem growth, were characterized near minirhizotron installations at the south and north ends of the S1 bog in order to understand the relationship between root dynamics and the surrounding plant communities.
There are three data streams:
(1) Woody species basal area -- the number, basal area, and distance from the center point of all trees within a 5-m radius of each minirhizotron pair, which were quantified in 2011,

Citation: 

Iversen CM, Garrett A, Martin A, Turetsky MR, Norby RJ, Childs J, Ontl TA. 2017. SPRUCE S1 Bog Tree Basal Area and Understory Community Composition Assessed in the Southern and Northern Ends of the S1 Bog. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.024.

SPRUCE S1 Bog Areal Coverage of Hummock and Hollow Microtopography Assessed Along Three Transects in the S1 Bog

Aerial coverage of hummocks and hollows was estimated in July 2012 in ten 4 m × 4 m plots each along three 60-m t transects (30 plots total) in the S1-Bog. Hollows were defined as the lowest elevation within plots and were typically at or near the height of the water table, hummocks included area above hollows, including the sides of the hummocks.

Citation: 

Ontl TA, Iversen CM. 2017. SPRUCE S1 Bog Areal Coverage of Hummock and Hollow Microtopography Assessed Along Three Transects in the S1 Bog. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.023.

SPRUCE S1 Bog Fine-root Production and Standing Crop Assessed with Minirhizotrons in the Southern and Northern Ends of the S1 Bog

This data set reports fine-root peak growth and standing crop measurements from a forested, ombrotrophic bog as determined using non-destructive minirhizotron technology.

Citation: 

Iversen CM, Childs J, Norby RJ, Garrett A, Martin A, Spence J, Ontl TA, Burnham A, Latimer J. 2017. SPRUCE S1 Bog Fine-root Production and Standing Crop Assessed With Minirhizotrons in the Southern and Northern Ends of the S1 Bog. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.019

SPRUCE Hollow Elevation Data for Experimental Plots Beginning in 2015

This data set provides hollow elevation data for the 17 SPRUCE experimental plots in the S1 bog on the Marcell Experimental Forest.

Hollows were selected for measurement by walking along each octagonal boardwalk segment in a plot and identifying where a hollow intersected the boardwalk. The vertical distance between the surface of the boardwalk (with a known elevation) and the surface of the hollow was measured and the absolute elevation (in meters amsl) of the hollow surface was calculated.

Citation: 

Griffiths, N.A., and S.D. Sebestyen. 2017. SPRUCE Hollow Elevation Data for Experimental Plots Beginning in 2015. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. http://dx.doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.035

SPRUCE Ecological Forecasting System

EcoPAD is an interactive Model-Experiment (ModEx) system that assimilates various data streams into models in a rigorous way to constrain model parameters and system states, improve ecological prediction, and quantify associated uncertainty. The system provides feedback to experimenters on which data sets are needed to further improve model predictions and to modelers on which parts of a model need to be improved.

Specifically, the system will  (read more)

Citation: 

 

Check out the demo of Ecological Forecasting at SPRUCE (weekly) on the Ecological Platform for Assimilation of Data web page:  http://ecolab.cybercommons.org/ecopad_portal/#

Forecasting of GPP and ER are automated at weekly timescale. Mean trajectory and confidence interval were derived from 100 stochastic simulations. In each simulation, parameters were randomly chosen from previous (or default) Data Assimilation task. Forcing variables linked to SPRUCE ftp site where updated hourly.