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SPRUCE Whole Ecosystems Warming (WEW) Environmental Data Beginning August 2015
This data set provides the environmental measurements collected during the implementation of operational methods to achieve both deep soil heating (0-3 m) and whole-ecosystem warming (WEW) appropriate to the scale of tall-stature, high-carbon, boreal forest peatlands. The methods were developed to allow scientists to provide a plausible set of ecosystem warming scenarios within which immediate and longer term (one decade) responses of organisms (microbes to trees) and ecosystem functions (carbon, water and nutrient cycles) could be measured. Elevated CO2 was also incorporated to test how temperature responses may be modified by atmospheric CO2 effects on carbon cycle processes. Data through 2019 now available.
SPRUCE Plot-Level Water Table Data Assessments for Absolute Elevations and Height with Respect to Mean Hollows Beginning in 2015
This data set provides a record of the half-hourly automated water table depth data collected for 12 SPRUCE plots (4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 19, 20, and 21) beginning during deep peat heating (DPH) in 2015 and continuing throughout the whole ecosystem warming (WEW) manipulations for the SPRUCE Project (Hanson et al. 2017). Also provided are plot normalized data for water table depths with respect to mean hollow locations within each plot. The hollow referenced data provide the basis for the intercomparison of peat saturation or aeration across treatment plots. A limited data set for manual water table observations in 2019 is also provided as a reference to the plot center automated observations
SPRUCE Diurnal and Seasonal Patterns of Water Potential in S1 Bog and SPRUCE Experimental Plot Vegetation beginning in 2010
This data set reports on water potential from excised terminal shoots or leaves (Mainthemum only) of vegetation at the SPRUCE site located in the S1 bog. Pretreatment measurements were collected from outside plots within the S1 bog. Post treatments were collected from inside SPRUCE plots. There are 10 experimental plots in SPRUCE: five temperature treatments (+0, +2.25, +4.5, +6.75, +9°C) at ambient CO2, and the same five temperature treatments at elevated CO2 (+500 ppm). These data span the pre- and post-treatment periods when enclosed plots were exposed to warming and elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) within the SPRUCE experiment. The pretreatment samples were collected from south end of the S1 bog prior to SPRUCE boardwalk construction, then throughout the bog once the boardwalks were completed. Plant water potentials were measured throughout the growing season, either throughout the day (diurnals) or at predawn (early in the morning prior to foliage receiving any direct radiation) or midday (generally between 10:00-14:00 when daily plant water potential is at its lowest point.
SPRUCE Vegetation Phenology in Experimental Plots from Phenocam Imagery, 2015-2019
This dataset consists of PhenoCam data from the SPRUCE experiment from the beginning of whole ecosystem warming (Hanson et al. 2017) in August 2015 through March-31 of 2020, with start- and end-of-season phenological transition dates derived through the end of autumn 2019. Digital cameras, or phenocams, installed in each SPRUCE enclosure track seasonal variation in vegetation “greenness”, a proxy for vegetation phenology and associated physiological activity. Three separate regions of interest (ROIs) were defined for each camera field of view, corresponding to different vegetation types and demarcating: Picea trees (vegetation type EN, for evergreen needleleaf); Larix trees (vegetation type DN, for deciduous needleleaf); and the mixed shrub layer (vegetation type SH).